Distribution Transformers

Loading...

Distribution Transformers The most comprehensive range of solutions for distribution transformer applications

Data included in this catalogue are subjected to changes without any notice.

The most comprehensive range of solutions for distribution transformer applications

Even our standard solutions are special In almost every place where people live and work you will find at least one transformer. But as long as it keeps working and supplying power to the escalator in the department store, the hotel lift, the office computer, the oven in the local bakery, the farm machinery or the petrochemical plant nobody gives it a second thought. However, transformers are one of the most important units in every production process. Without them the core activities of nearly every business and factory would come to a standstill – with serious financial consequences. After nearly 100 years in the development and manufacture of transformers we are well aware of this dependence. This is why, we never compromise on the performance, security or reliability of our products. Nor on design, materials, manufacturing methods, environmental protection or recycling. Our objective is to support you and to add value to your activities, by offering a comprehensive range of top quality transformers. We also provide top class service and support. With this approach we can tailor the most appropriate technical solution to every problem. A high quality solution with better service and support, better for the environment and yet with greater availability and a lower total cost of ownership than our competitors. All over the world, in underground railways, in amusement parks and in every kind of factory you will find ABB transformers at work. In the following pages ABB invites you to find the optimal solution to your application and to see with your own eyes that even our standard solutions are special.

4

ABB Power Technology Products

Product Index

Medium Distribution Transformers page 16

Large Distribution Transformers page 19

Oil Type Transformers

Small Distribution Transformers page 11

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers page 29

RESIBLOC® Resin-Encapsulated Transformers page 36

Dry Type Transformers

Single Phase Transformers page 24

Transformers for Variable Speed Drives page 44

Reactors page 47

Boosterformers™ page 49

ABB Power Technology Products

5

Special Applications

Pad Mounted Transformers page 43

Oil Type Transformers Single-phase and three-phase transformers for the range above 16 kVA and up to 72.5 kV. These units are designed for power centres, substations and networks; also for pad-mounts. They are used in public distribution systems, commercial buildings and industrial complexes. The unique core and coil designs and the use of special turn insulating materials make these units extremely compact, reliable and durable. A wide range of transformer fluids is available including BIOTEMP™, which is biodegradable, less flammable and thermally efficient – ideal for densely populated or environmentally sensitive areas.

Dry Type Transformers For the range 30 kVA to 30 MVA with primary operating voltages up to 41.5 kV and secondary operating voltages up to 36 kV. These units are designed for operation in difficult conditions – environmental contamination, fire hazard, high humidity or extreme climates. They provide high level security and are found in hospitals and other public areas, on oil platforms, in ships, underground railways and mines. They are extremely tough and resilient and are resistant to the effects of vibration. They should be considered for earthquake prone areas. RESIBLOC® transformers have a special resin-encapsulated construction which is unique to ABB. This construction provides great strength and flexible design dimensions.

Special Applications Pad Mounted Transformers: These units are delivered from the factory in tamper-resistant housings designed to prevent access by unauthorised personnel. Transformers for variable speed drives: These units can be supplied with primary power ratings up to 30 MVA. They can be supplied as oil type or dry type. Converter transformers can be used for the variable speed drives of high-load, low-speed equipment such as mine hoists, rolling mills and ship propulsion systems. A correctly designed installation will provide impressive savings from reduced down-time, extended equipment life and lower power costs. Reactors: Single-phase and/or three phase for a wide range of applications. Boosterformers™: Boosterformers™ are used in order to improve the function of electrical power systems and protect the environment from dangerous stray currents near an electrical railway.

6

ABB Power Technology Products

Product Selection Guide Oil Type Transformers Product

kVA

Primary Voltage (kV)

Features

Small Distribution Transformers

≤ 250

up to 36

Used for indoor or outdoor applications, can be provided with off-load tap changers.

Medium Distribution Transformers

> 250 ≤ 2000

up to 36

Used for indoor or outdoor applications, can be provided with on-load tap changers or off-load tap changers.

Large Distribution Transformers

> 2000

up to 72.5

Used for indoor or outdoor applications, can be provided with on-load tap changers or off-load tap changers.

Single Phase Transformers

≤ 100

up to 36

Small distribution transformers for pole mounting.

Dry Type Transformers Product

MVA

Primary Voltage (kV)

Features

Vacuum Cast Coil

≤ 30

up to 36

Provides the ultimate in winding protection for the most demanding applications when efficiency and reliability are critical.

RESIBLOC® Resinencapsulated

≤ 30

up to 41.5

Provides the ultimate resistance to mechanical stress associated with heat and short circuit conditions in the most demanding applications.

Transformers for Special Applications Product

Pad Mounted Transformers Transformers for Variable Speed Drives Reactors Boosterformers™

ABB Power Technology Products

7

Oil Type Transformers ABB’s liquid filled Power Distribution Transformers range from 16 kVA upwards, with primary voltages up to 72.5 kV. ABB supplies the widest range of power distribution transformers, including specific designs for power centres, substations, networks and padmounts. Transformers are an integral part of power systems with applications in industrial facilities, commercial buildings and utility transmission and distribution networks. The core and coil design is a unique characteristic of ABB’s oil type transformers, which generate the reliability, durability and reduced dimensions required for their application in utilities, industrial installations and public distribution. ABB oil type transformers are manufactured in accordance with the international quality standards ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.

Standard features Standard features include aluminium or copper windings, epoxy or porcelain bushings, gauges, alarm packages, fans and special signs and tags. For heavily polluted environmental conditions ABB offers special paint finish cycles in epoxycoating for the protection of metallic components and electrical equipment.

Selection Guide Product

kVA

Primary Voltage (kV)

Features

Small Distribution Transformers

≤ 250

up to 36

Used for indoor or outdoor applications, can be provided with off-load tap changers.

Medium Distribution Transformers

> 250 ≤ 2000

up to 36

Used for indoor or outdoor applications, can be provided with on-load tap changers or off-load tap changers.

Large Distribution Transformers

> 2000

up to 72.5

Used for indoor or outdoor applications, can be provided with on-load tap changers or off-load tap changers.

Single Phase Transformers

≤ 100

up to 36

Small distribution transformers for pole mounting.

8 - Oil Type Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Construction features Core The core is a series of laminations made from high-quality, grain-oriented silicon steel. The stacked core provides a superior flux path by utilising a step-lap that joins the core legs to the top and bottom yokes. The effective support for the core together with a step-lap joint have reduced existing currents by up to 40%, sound levels by up to 3 dB and iron losses by up to 10%. The core efficiently fills the opening in the coil, leaving a minimum of unused space. The short yoke between the legs of the core reduces the external flow between the active leg core material, resulting in an increase in efficiency. The rectangular shape of the core can be more uniformly and firmly supported to prevent movement of the laminations so as to improve sound level characteristics. Coils The coil features a low voltage rectangular wire or sheet conductor extending along the full height of the coil. The layer to layer insulation, Insuldur, is a thermally upgraded kraft paper. The layer insulation is coated with a diamond pattern of B-stage epoxy adhesive, which cures during processing to form a high strength bond. This bond keeps the windings from moving during operation or under short circuit stresses. The high to low insulation is fitted over the low voltage winding and the wire of the strap wound high voltage is wound directly over the low voltage to form a high strength coil assembly. Generous oil ducts extend along the height of the coil to provide cooling in the winding. The staggered, diamond epoxy bonds help assure free oil flow through the winding. Accurately located taps and a large winding cross section keep unbalanced ampere-turns to a minimum. Unbalanced ampere-turns create forces during short circuits that push the high voltage and low voltage coils apart vertically. By minimising this imbalance vertical forces are correspondingly reduced, thus making the design stronger under short circuit stresses. The large areas presented by the layer-type winding result in a low ground capacity, which gives a nearly straight line surge distribution throughout the winding. A compact, high-impulsestrength coil is the result. Turn insulation ABB power distribution transformers are designed to meet specific performance criteria defined by the customer. Some design considerations may require the use of traditional crepe paper or Nomex® tape as turn insulation. Most designs, however, utilise DuraBIL®, which is a tough, flexible and inert turn insulation. It reduces the most prevalent cause of transformer failure – deterioration of turn insulation. DuraBIL® is a single layer of epoxy powder deposited electrostatically and baked on a strap conductor. The process is closely controlled and monitored to ensure a continuous, uniform coating. The result is a compact turn insulation with superior characteristics including adhesion, flexibility, abrasion resistance and thermal and chemical stability. Since DuraBIL® is chemically stable, it does not degrade or contaminate the transformer fluid with moisture. As a result, DuraBIL® maintains its dimensional stability and the coil’s structural integrity. Layer insulation The Insuldur system of chemical stabilisers thermally upgrades the cellulose insulating materials to permit 12% higher load capacity. Insuldur can be used with all fluids offered by ABB for small power transformers. Chemical stabilisers delay insulation breakdown under elevated temperature conditions. Dimensional changes in the insulating materials are minimised to ensure a tighter structure. The result is greater strength and coil integrity throughout the life of the transformer. The Insuldur system allows a unit rated at 55°C to be operated at a 10°C higher temperature with a 12% increase in kVA capacity.

ABB Power Technology Products

9 - Oil Type Transformers

Transformer fluids A choice of transformer fluids, including oil, silicone, MIDEL and BIOTEMP™, is offered with most ratings. Mineral oil is usually recommended for outdoor applications. Silicone and R-Temp are classified as less flammable fluids and are used when flammability is a concern. Transformers designed with less flammable fluids can be used to meet specific requirements of non-flammability. BIOTEMP™ is a new, fully biodegradable, environmentally friendly dielectric fluid that is also classified as less flammable. BIOTEMP™ has been shown to be 97% biodegradable within 21 days by underwriters, laboratories. BIOTEMP™ is suitable for indoor applications and in areas of high environmental sensitivity where any insulating fluid spill would require expensive clean-up procedures.

10 - Oil Type Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Small Distribution Transformers

(≤ 250 kVA )

Construction features Description ABB Distribution Transformers manufactures three phase oil type small distribution transformers within the range up to 250 kVA and 36 kV. The transformers are adaptable for pole mounting or assembly in substations. Standard features Hermetically sealed transformers completely filled with oil: - Corrugating tanks - High and low voltage bushings in accordance with DIN 42531 and DIN 42530 - Off-circuit tap changer in 5 positions - Lifting lugs - Earthing terminals - Thermometer pocket in accordance with DIN 42554 (standard from 100 kVA) - Filling plug - Drain cock - Rating plate - Inhibited oil Transformers can also be manufactured with conservators. Other product types with different dimensions and technical specifications can be designed and manufactured on request.

ABB Power Technology Products

Core The magnetic circuit is of the three column type with mitred joints. It is manufactured with first-rate, grain oriented silicon iron sheets insulated with carlite. The mounted core is clamped down in order to reduce vibrations and minimise noise levels. Windings The windings are made of either copper or aluminium; they are insulated with either pure cellulose or double enamel. Furthermore, the complete columns are manufactured to withstand short circuit stresses. Off-circuit tap changer The tappings (±2 x 2.5%) of the HV winding, are connected to the off-circuit tap changer located horizontally between the yoke and the tank cover. The handle is located on the cover and should be operated when the transformer is deactivated. The design prevents setting the off-circuit tap changer to intermediate positions. The mechanism can also be padlocked during normal transformer operation.

11 - Small Distribution Transformers

Insulating oil The mineral oil with its electrical and chemical characteristics is in compliance with the IEC Standards and is P.C.B. and P.C.T. free. Tank and cover The sides of the tank are made of corrugated cooling surfaces. The bottom plate, side and frames are of a welded construction. The welds are tested for oil tightness. The thermometer pockets, bushings, tap switch drive and lifting lugs are fitted on the tank cover. The cover is bolted to the tank frame. The undercarriage is welded to the bottom plate and the rollers are suitable for either longitudinal or transverse movements. Painting and surface treatment Transformers are either hot-dip galvanized or painted. The metal parts are carefully sandblasted. The painting system is a single coat one pack epoxy. The top coat is RAL 7033 or customized. The hot-dip galvanizing is 70 µm minimum.

Testing The transformers are manufactured in accordance with ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. At the end of the manufacturing process the transformers are individually tested in accordance with the IEC Standards. The routine tests are: - Measurement of the winding resistance - Measurement of the voltage ratio and check of the vector group - Measurement of the impedance voltage and measurement of load losses - Measurement of no load losses and no load current - Dielectric tests Upon request, witnessed type/special tests can be carried out.

Options and accessories - Plug-in bushings on HV - Max thermometer - Dial type thermometer with two contacts - Oil level indicator for hermetically sealed transformers - Thermometer pocket in accordance with DIN 42554 (standard from 100 kVA) - Off-circuit tap changer with 3 or 7 positions - Sparking gaps - Pressure relief device - Cable boxes - Integrated pole brackets on tank - Skid base - Bi-directional rollers - Total enclosure on cover over HV and LV bushings

12 - Small Distribution Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

No-Load Loss (W)

Load Loss (W)

Noise level (dB)

Total weight (kg)

Oil weight (kg)

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Yzn11 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Dyn11 Dyn5 Yzn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Yzn5 Dyn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Dyn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Yzn5 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn5 Yzn5 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn5 Dyn11 Dyn5 Yzn5 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn5 Yzn5 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn11 Dyn5 Dyn1 Dyn5

4 4.5 4.5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3.7 4 4 4 4.5 4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4 4 4 3.8 4 4.5 4 4 4.2 4 4 3.4 3.6 4 4.5 4 4 4 4 4.5 4 4 4 3.8 3.6 4 4 3.8 4 4 4 4 4 4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4 4 4.5

100 90 130 125 190 125 140 125 190 115 115 125 115 125 190 160 130 130 180 180 180 320 210 220 215 180 240 500 165 165 185 185 165 245 375 280 460 460 300 265 300 650 300 420 320 370 365 370 360 425 440 425 530 425 425 360 460 780 345 290 460

585 900 900 1100 1100 875 885 900 1100 940 920 875 850 1350 1350 1350 1130 950 1130 1280 1160 1750 1750 1485 1700 11800 1720 1700 1700 1760 1520 1525 1240 1550 2350 2200 2350 2350 2350 1750 2350 2400 2000 2295 2450 2280 2225 2250 2700 3250 2750 3250 3250 2750 3250 2350 3200 3500 2230 5000 3260

0 48 48 47 50 47 0 51 44 48 48 47 50 47 51 48 48 51 48 48 48 50 49 0 48 52 49 48 48 48 48 48 54 48 57 50 50 50 50 53 50 48 50 0 53 53 53 53 53 55 55 50 60 50 50 51 51 52 55 46 51

395 340 330 375 365 425 440 390 465 415 370 375 425 350 465 465 430 460 430 460 470 585 670 510 490 730 585 800 535 580 510 545 600 540 765 830 840 880 880 890 1000 900 870 995 870 870 840 940 840 1180 1250 1110 1180 1160 1130 1010 1030 1245 1450 1120 945

115 90 90 90 90 100 125 120 125 110 90 95 115 90 105 105 100 110 100 100 100 130 145 120 110 160 120 0 110 140 95 125 135 150 165 165 180 205 205 190 220 0 180 235 180 180 160 200 200 260 260 205 260 200 220 200 205 300 270 0 175

840 790 790 760 760 820 840 820 870 810 760 860 800 790 1280 1280 945 820 945 830 830 820 1120 850 870 930 870 950 870 920 860 850 920 920 1000 970 1040 1000 1000 1010 1080 1100 1040 1080 950 950 1030 1020 950 1100 1100 1300 1100 1000 1060 1150 1040 1210 1150 1450 990

770 580 580 650 650 625 770 645 650 585 600 600 480 580 630 630 665 645 665 680 680 775 725 610 500 645 670 650 500 520 600 610 540 520 720 805 675 700 700 645 790 670 675 730 625 625 655 700 625 780 800 750 780 700 760 975 950 860 715 900 720

1005 970 970 885 885 885 1055 1010 1400 1040 945 975 1200 955 1650 1650 970 1030 970 1150 1150 1030 1090 1080 1170 1200 1200 1270 1220 1295 1070 1115 1220 1245 1400 1110 1140 1210 1210 1180 1290 1350 1140 1250 1345 1495 1170 1245 1295 1500 1600 1190 1500 1220 1190 1260 1185 1605 1310 1500 1340

Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

ABB Power Technology Products



Hermetically sealed with corrugated tank

13 - Small Distribution Transformers

Tank description

Impedance (%)

410 400 400 400 400 400 410 420 400 420 420 400 400 400 420 420 400 420 400 400 400 400 400 410 400 420 400 400 400 400 420 420 420 420 420 400 400 400 400 420 400 400 400 410 400 420 420 420 400 420 420 400 420 400 400 400 400 400 420 420 400

Wheel base (mm)

Vector Group

HV2 (V)

20500 0 15750 0 15750 0 10000 0 10000 0 10000 0 20500 0 16800 0 20000 0 22000 0 11000 0 20000 0 10000 0 20000 0 22000 0 22000 0 15750 0 16800 0 15750 0 21000 0 15750 0 10000 0 10000 0 20500 0 10500 0 16800 0 21000 0 20000 0 10500 0 21000 0 11000 0 22000 0 10500 0 22000 0 22000 0 15750 0 10000 0 20000 0 20000 0 16800 0 15750 0 15000 0 10000 0 20500 0 10500 0 22000 11000 11000 0 22000 0 10500 0 22000 0 22000 0 10000 0 22000 0 10000 0 20000 0 15750 0 15750 0 25000 0 16800 0 22000 0 21000 0

LV1 (V)

30 40 40 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 200 200 200 200 200 200 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250

HV1 (V)

kVA

Oil Type/Small Distribution Transformers

0 420 420

▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲

0 670 0 0 0 420 420 420 420 420 420

0 0 420 520 0 0 0 0 0 0 520 520 670 670

520 520 520 0 0 0 0 0 0 520 520 520

520 520 1070 520 520

▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲

● Corrugated tank with conservator

Passenger safety in focus For airports such as Sweden´s Hultsfreds Airport, passenger safety comes before all else. ABB´s Small Distribution Transformers ensure that runaway lights, radio beacons and air traffic control communications all function reliably.

Medium Distribution Transformers

(> 250 kVA, ≤ 2000 kVA )

Standard features Hermetically sealed. (Rated power <1000 kVA): - Oil filling plug on the cover - Oil-level indicator - The two lifting lugs on the cover are made for lifting the transformer or its removable part - Corrugated tank - Undercarriage with bi-directional rollers - Oil drain valve - Off-circuit tap changer handle - Earthing terminals - Sparking gaps for voltages 15 kV and above - Rating plate

Construction features Description MDT transformers are used to step down threephase high voltage to low voltage for power distribution, mainly in metropolitan areas and for industrial applications. The transformers in standard versions are designed for use in moderate climates and can be installed both outdoors and indoors. The loading is in accordance with IEC 354. MDT transformers are hermetically sealed (the tank is completely filled with oil) or equipped with oil conservator. Both types are equipped with flexible corrugated tank walls enabling sufficient cooling of the transformer. They also compensate for the changes in the oil volume during operation. An advantage of the hermetically sealed transformers is that the oil is never in contact with the atmosphere thus avoiding periodic oil analysis.

Additionally, for transformers with conservator (Rated power ≥1000 kVA): - Max thermometer - Magnetic oil-level indicator - Oil filling plug on the conservator - Buchholz relay - Dehydrating breather - Conservator Core The cores of the transformers are made of grain-oriented magnetic, cold-rolled silicon steel laminations with low losses. Windings The windings of the transformers are made of high grade electrolytic copper or aluminium. The High Voltage windings are wound either with round, enamel insulated, or shaped, paper insulated wire. The Low Voltage windings are wound with shaped, paper insulated wire or foil. The winding construction is characterised by high dielectric strength with high resistance, to atmospheric surges and to the effects of short-circuits. Neutral points of the Low Voltage windings are brought to the tank cover. Off-circuit tap changer The off-circuit tap changer is of a 5-position type connected on the High Voltage side with a handle located on the cover. The tap changer should be operated only when the transformer is deactivated.

16 - Medium Distribution Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Insulating oil The mineral oil with its electrical and chemical characteristics complies with the IEC Standards and is P.C.B. and P.C.T. free. Tank and cover The cover is bolted to the tank frame. The transformer undercarriage is provided with bidirectional rollers turnable by π/2 rad (90°) to allow longitudinal and transverse movement on flat surfaces. Painting and surface treatment All metal parts are carefully sandblasted. The painting is made with a single coat of onepack epoxy paint. The finishing paint is made with two or three coats. If requested a hotdip galvanized corrugated steel tank can be provided.

Options and accessories - Plug-in bushings - Dial type thermometer with two contacts - DGPT2 control device - Pressure relief valve with or without contacts - Tap changer with more than five positions - Cable boxes - Spark gap meter - Air insulated housings - Galvanized tank - Additional thermometer pocket - Dual voltage transformer Specifications - Standards: IEC, DIN, BS, UNE, PN etc. - 301–2,000 kVA, three-phase, 65°C maximum windings temperature rise - 50 Hz standard, 60 Hz optional - High Voltages 3,000 - 35,000 V - Low Voltages 100 - 15,750 V - Vector group: Dy, Yz, Yy, Dd, Yd - Impedance voltage: 4-7% - Voltage regulation: ±2 x 2.5%; ±2 x 5%; +2.5 %, -3 x 2.5%

The rain of terror Power failure is a nightmare scenario for any healthcare institution, and Hermann Hospital in Texas experienced one in June 2001, when the tropical storm known as Alison hit Houston. On 26 June, the hospital ordered a 1000 kVA Distribution Transformer from ABB. Just 60 hours later, the new transformer was designed, built and dispatched. This helped to ease the consequences of the disaster, already known in history books as “the rain of terror”.

ABB Power Technology Products

17 - Medium Distribution Transformers

HV2 (V)

LV1 (V)

Vector Group

Impedance (%)

No-Load Loss (W)

Load Loss (W)

Noise level (dB)

Total weight (kg)

Oil weight (kg)

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

26000 20000 15000 10000 35000 21000 15750 10500 22000 20000 11000 10000 10000 35000 22000 15750 10000 26000 21000 15000 10000 35000 21000 15750 10000 26000 20000 15000 10500 35000 20000 15750 10000 30000 20000 15750 10000

0 8000 0 0 0 0 0 0 11000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10000 0 0 0 0 0 0 15000 10000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

400 400 400 400 400 420 400 420 420 400 420 690 400 400 420 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 690 6300 400 400 6300

Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn1 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn11 Dyn5 Dyn11 Dyn5 Dyn11 Dyn1 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn5 Dyn1 Dyn5 Dyn5 Yyn0 Dyn11 D(D)yn11 Dyn11 Dyn11 Dyn1 Yyn0 Dyn5 Dyn5 Dyn5 Yyn0 Dyn5 Dyn5

4 4 4 4 6 4 4.5 4 4.4 4 4.5 4.6 4 6 6 4.5 6 6 4.8 5 6 6 6 6 5.3 6 7.19 6 5.4 6 5.5 6 5.7 6 6 6 6

980 1050 1050 1050 620 750 570 475 710 730 710 500 1450 840 800 720 800 1700 1030 1940 1400 1600 1300 1300 1300 2360 1320 2600 1460 2400 1780 1700 1580 3200 2200 2100 3200

4130 4200 4200 4200 5000 4600 4100 3480 5000 5500 4600 4000 5800 7000 5600 6100 8700 8500 6800 8200 8500 9700 10200 10200 12200 13500 16900 13000 13400 14000 16700 16000 13500 21000 20100 19000 21000

64 53 53 53 50 63 52 0 0 50 0 0 53 52 60 54 54 68 0 53 56 0 56 56 0 70 0 65 0 0 0 58 0 71 0 0 71

1550 1300 1300 1300 2050 1560 1520 1730 1750 1660 1690 2200 1750 2600 2500 2035 2040 2650 2300 2200 2320 3100 2800 2790 2420 3550 4140 3600 3000 4000 3320 3995 3680 5000 4020 4710 5000

370 0 0 0 0 340 320 320 320 365 320 350 0 0 510 400 445 525 380 0 530 0 550 550 470 760 1190 0 580 0 680 820 775 1100 850 900 1100

1300 1240 1240 1240 1300 1300 1210 1140 1140 1300 1140 1470 1450 1450 1400 1270 1530 1700 1520 1630 1400 1800 1970 1970 1670 2000 2345 1860 1830 2000 1890 2100 1910 2250 2010 2330 2250

900 800 800 800 900 900 850 820 880 920 880 850 970 900 1050 900 950 950 900 1080 1050 1050 980 980 1030 1100 1370 1250 1150 1100 1170 1130 1120 1300 1220 1360 1300

1700 1400 1400 1400 1800 1600 1480 1495 1600 1860 1450 1560 1500 1800 1700 1600 1690 2100 1700 1600 1890 1860 1980 1980 1590 2250 2310 1640 1720 1900 1860 2250 1970 2350 1910 2320 2350

Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.



Hermetically sealed with corrugated tank

18 - Medium Distribution Transformers

Tank description

HV1 (V)

315 315 315 315 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 630 630 630 630 800 800 800 800 1000 1000 1000 1000 1250 1250 1250 1250 1600 1600 1600 1600 2000 2000 2000 2000

Wheel base (mm)

kVA

Oil Type/Medium Distribution Transformers

670 670 670 670 670 670 670 0 0

▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ● ▲ ▲ ● ● ▲ ▲ ● ● ▲ ▲ ▲ ● ▲ ● ▲ ● ●

0 0 670 670 670 670 670 0 670 820 820 820 0 820 820 820 0 820 0 820 0 1070 0 1070 1070

● Corrugated tank with conservator

ABB Power Technology Products

Large Distribution Transformers

(> 2000 kVA, up to 72.5 kV )

Construction features Description ABB has been manufacturing transformers for almost a hundred years. The production is based on the development and research carried out in the design department and at the ABB Research Centre in close cooperation with our customers. This long experience combined with research and development, guarantees high quality, long life and reliability. Standard features The transformers are manufactured and tested in accordance with the IEC Publication 76. They are also in compliance with several national standards e.g. BS 171, VDE 0532, SS 4270101 etc. The transformers can be overloaded in accordance with IEC Publications 354 (1972). The on-load tap-changer and bushings have been chosen so as not to limit the overload capability. The cooling methods are ONAN or ONAN/ONAF. Construction features The transformers are of the breathing, conventional type provided with an oil conservator. Two types of transformers are manufactured: - Transformers with off-load tap changer - Transformers with on-load tap changer Core The three legged bolt-less core is constructed of grain oriented steel laminations. The joints between the leg and yoke are mitred at 45° and interleaved. The cross section of the leg is circular.

ABB Power Technology Products

Windings The material of the windings is either copper or aluminum. The windings are made of paper insulated rectangular wire in the form of multilayer, disc or helical windings. Transformers provided with on-load tap-changer usually have a separate tap winding. Off-load tap-changer The transformers are normally equipped with a 5-position off-load tap-changer on the High Voltage side, with its handle located on the cover. When changing the tap position the transformer has to be un-energized. Position 1 of the tap-changer (+ position) corresponds with the highest ratio, which gives the lowest voltage on the Low Voltage side. Position 5 of the tap-changer (- position) corresponds with the lowest ratio which consequently gives the highest voltage on the Low Voltage side. Transformers having dual primary (or secondary) voltages are usually equipped with a selector switch with the handle on the cover.

19 - Large Distribution Transformers

On-load tap changer The on-load tap-changer is mounted on the cover of the main transformer tank. The tapchanger works as a selector switch combining the features of a diverter switch and a tap selector. The selector switch is located in a separate oil compartment which is connected to its own conservator. The selector switch is of the high-speed spring operated type with resistive transition impedances. The tap-changer is equipped with a protective relay. The selector switch can be lifted for inspection and the oil in the compartment can be changed separately. The on-load tap-changer is provided with a motor drive mechanism for remote and local control. Normally the motor drive is three-phase and the control and the heating circuits are for single phase AC supply. When re-quested, DC circuits can be supplied. Insulating oil The mineral oil used in the transformers complies with IEC 296 and several national standards. The oil slows down the ageing process. Transformers with off-load tap changers can be delivered filled with silicone oil or MIDEL fluid if requested. Tank The transformer tank is usually of the rigid type provided with removable radiators connected to the tank by means of a shut-off valve. On request, the tank can be made vacuum proof. Transformers up to 5 MVA can be supplied with a compact tank with corrugated cooling fins. Painting and surface treatment Prior to the painting of the tank, the cover and oil conservator are sandblasted. External surfaces are painted immediately after pretreatment with a two-pack epoxy primer coat. The finishing is carried out by applying a two-pack polyurethane paint to a total thickness of 180 µm. The colour of the paint is RAL6013 (rush green). The inside of the transformer tank is painted with a two-pack epoxy primer to a thickness of approx. 30 µm. The external surfaces of the radiators are hot dip galvanized to a thickness of approx. 60 µm. Corrugated tanks are flow painted with alkyd primer and acrylic finish to a total thickness of 80 µm. The conservator and the bottom part of the tank are painted internally.

Options and accessories The transformers are fitted with the following standard accessories: - Bushings - Oil conservator with oil level indicator - Filling and drain valves - Oil sampling device - Earthing terminals - Lifting lugs - Jacking pads (radiator tanks) - Rating plate - Silica-gel breather - Buchholz relay - Top oil thermometer Additional accessories can be fitted in accordance with the customer’s specifications. Vacuum treatment Drying and vacuum treatment takes place in a special oven, where the windings are heated electrically while simultaneously the air is evacuated from the oven, reaching an absolute pressure of 1 mbar. The transformer is filled with oil while it is still under vacuum. In this way moisture and gases are effectively removed from the windings and oil. Bushings The bushings are of a solid porcelain type and located on the cover. Bushing insulators can be changed without opening the transformer. The bushings comply with IEC 137. The terminals can be provided with an air insulated enclosure. The enclosure can be on the primary and/or on the secondary side and may be constructed for cable or bus duct connection. Alternatively the transformers can be provided with plug-in bushings. Testing All transformers are manufactured according to the ISO 9001 Quality System. The transformers are individually tested according to IEC standards.

20 - Large Distribution Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

1. Routine tests 1.1 Measurement of winding resistance 1.2 Measurement of voltage ratio and testing of voltage vector relationship 1.3 Measurement of impedance voltage, short-circuit impedance and load loss 1.4 Measurement of no-load loss and current 1.5 Dielectric tests: 1.5.1 Separate source voltage withstand test 1.5.2 Induced overvoltage withstand test Witness type/special tests can be carried out on request.

3. Special tests 3.1 Dielectric tests: 3.1.1 PD-test 3.1.2 Chopped wave test 3.2 Measurement of zero-sequence impedance on three phase transformers 3.3 Short circuit test 3.4 Measurement of sound level 3.5 Measurement of harmonics in the noload current 3.6 Tests of auxilary equipment and wiring 3.7 Tests onload tap-changer 3.8 Leakage test for transformer tank

2. Type tests 2.1 Temperature rise test 2.2 Dielectric tests: 2.2.1 Lightning impulse test

ABB Power Technology Products

21 - Large Distribution Transformers

Less time, more money Many of the “Paradise Islands” might not seem so paradisial without electricity. Wärtsilä NSD, one of the world’s leading manufacturers of gas and diesel engines for power generation and for off-shore applications would definitely not want to be without our fast deliveries of 8, 12 and 16 MVA Large Distribution Transformer units. Without that speed their greatest sales advantage for diesel power plants would be lost. Neither Wärtsilä nor their customers would be able to reach their rewards so quickly. And for the rest of us, those islands might no longer seem such idyllic places to visit.

22 - Large Distribution Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Large Distribution Transformers Rated power

Primary Voltage

BIL, HV

Secondary Voltage

BIL, LV

Tank Description

kVA

kV

kV

kV

kV

2001-5000

up to 72.5

up to 350

up to 15

up to 110

Hermetically sealed

2001-5000

up to 72.5

up to 350

up to 15

up to 110

Corrugated tank

5000 and above

up to 72.5

up to 350

up to 15

up to 110

Radiator tank with conservator

Large Distribution Transformers Typical datas for 20/10 kV transformer with off-load or on-load tap-changer Rated power

Tap-changer No-Load Loss

kVA 3150 4000 5000 6300 8000 10000

Load Loss

Impedance

Total Weight

Oil

W

W

%

kg

kg 1210

±2x2.5%

3500

25000

6.35

6250

±9x1.67%

3800

25500

6.35

10000

2780

±2x2.5%

4200

29000

6.35

7500

1440

±9x1.67%

4500

31000

6.35

12100

3220

±2x2.5%

4900

35000

7.15

9300

1670

±9x1.67%

5000

39000

7.15

13400

3620

±2x2.5%

6000

45000

7.15

13200

2750

±9x1.67%

6200

45000

7.15

15400

3960

±2x2.5%

7000

56000

8.35

15300

3140

±9x1.67%

7200

56000

8.35

18100

4760

±2x2.5%

8100

65000

8.35

17200

3480

±9x1.67%

8200

68000

8,35

20600

5090

Other product types with different datas and specifications can be supplied on request. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

ABB Power Technology Products

23 - Large Distribution Transformers

Single Phase Transformers

( ≤ 100 kVA )

Construction features Description ABB Distribution Transformers manufactures single-phase, oil type small distribution transformers for pole mounting. These represent an economical option for certain networks. They are suitable for serving residential overhead distribution loads, as well as for lighting, commercial loads, industrial and diversified power applications. ABB’s core design provides optimal efficiency and better mechanical, thermal and electrical performance. These transformers are designed for the duties normally encountered on electric utility power distribution systems. Ranges 15 kVA to 100 kVA with voltages up to a maximum of 36 kV. Standard features Two types of transformer are manufactured: - sealed construction - free breathing construction Standard features for EATS or ANSI can be provided.

Options and accessories Bushings mounted on lid or on turrets. 2 or 3 view options. Internal HT fuses can be fitted. ANSI or DIN bushings. Single or dual ratio. Tap-switch or internal link board. Can be fitted with acing horns or surge arrestors. Standard and type tests Can be supplied in accordance with IETS, IEC or ANSI standards. All units have been type tested according to IEC.

All units are supplied with hot-dip galvanised tanks including: - lifting lugs - cover mounted, high voltage porcelain bushing(s) with eyebolt terminal or spade terminal - fibreglass reinforced polyester or porcelain low voltage insulators

24 - Single Phase Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Planning minimised the impact of Dennis and Floyd When the hurricanes Dennis and Floyd struck, Carolina Power & Light (CP&L) and ABB were prepared. Within 48 hours, 225 pole-type, single phase distribution transformers were shipped from ABB´s stock to CP&L, with a further 2,600 transformers shipped 12 days later.

ABB Power Technology Products

25 - Single Phase Transformers

The Olympics have a bright future RESIBLOC® transformers from ABB will be in the spotlight at the Olympic Games in Sydney. 100,000 spectators in the grandstands and over a billion people viewing television can count on ABB to make sure everything works faultlessly – from timekeeping to arena lighting.

26 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Dry Type Transformers ABB’s dry type transformers range from 30 kVA to 30 MVA, with primary operating voltages up to 41.5 kV and secondary operating voltages up to 36 kV. With the aim of minimising environmental contamination and fire hazards, customers are increasingly requesting dry type transformers. These transformers meet strict parameters with respect to electrical system demands and functioning in areas with extreme climatic conditions. Applications include high-density office buildings, nuclear power plants, offshore drilling platforms, nuclear-powered navy vessels and high-volume industrial process plants. ABB dry type transformers fulfil the requirements of international standards IEC 60726, as well as the European HD464 and HD538. ABB’s dry type transformers are virtually maintenance free and are manufactured in accordance with the international quality standards ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.

Applications ABB dry type transformers are most suitable for installations that require a high degree of safety, such as: hospitals, shopping centres, multipurpose cultural centres, car factories etc. ABB dry type transformers are also the most technologically advanced, designed for the severe conditions present in: - Chemical processing, offshore platforms for oil wells, offshore drilling platforms, marine applications, container cranes at seaports. - Heavy industrial applications: wind power generation, underground railways, stations and underground mines in non-classified areas. Rectifiers and frequency converters for AC motors. Power plants for auxiliary services and excitation transformer systems.

Dry Type Transformers Product

MVA

Primary Voltage (kV)

Features

Vacuum Cast Coil

≤ 30

up to 36

Provides the ultimate in winding protection for the most demanding applications when efficiency and reliability are critical.

RESIBLOC® Resinencapsulated

≤ 30

up to 41.5

Provides the ultimate resistance to mechanical stress associated with heat and short circuit conditions in the most demanding applications.

ABB Power Technology Products

27 - Dry Type Transformers

Standard features Core ABB’s dry type transformers utilise a step-lap mitred core construction to ensure optimum performance and minimum sound levels. The mitred core joint allows efficient flux transfer along natural grain lines between the core legs and yoke. The step-lap construction further enhances the efficiency of the joint by reducing joint fringing which reduces core losses and exisiting currents. The core is designed and built to provide the lowest possible losses from the effects of magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents. All possible steps are taken to prevent local circulating currents and to avoid built-in bending stresses. ABB starts with non-ageing highly permeable cold-rolled, grain-oriented silicon steel, and constructs the core with step-lap mitred joints. Magnetic flux densities are kept well below the saturation point. The steel is precision cut to assure that it will be smooth and burr-free. For rigidity and support, the upper and lower yokes are solidly clamped to a sturdy metal frame. The finished core is coated with a corrosion resistant sealant which provides lamination cohesion and environmental protection.

Windings ABB’s windings construction depends on operating voltage, basic impulse level and current capacity of the individual winding. Typically, ABB’s Low Voltage windings, insulation class 1.1 kV, are wound using sheet conductors. This construction allows free current distribution within the axial width of the coil which eliminates the axial forces developed in other types of windings under short circuit conditions. During the assembly process each Low Voltage winding is blocked radially and axially against the core using a combination of solid and resilient mounts for sound suppression and thermal expansion compensation. ABB’s winding construction may be either round or oval up to 2500 kVA. Windings on transformers with a rating greater than 2500 kVA are generally round. An experienced and dedicated work force ensures quality transformers and customer satisfaction with the product.

28 - Dry Type Transformers

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

(≤ 30 MVA )

Construction features Description ABB vacuum cast coil transformers range from 50 kVA up to 30 MVA with primary operating voltages up to 36 kV and secondary operating voltage up to 6 kV. Customers demand dry type transformers more frequently in order to minimise environmental contamination and fire hazard. These transformers are not flammable, they are selfextinguishing and in the event of a breakdown there is no risk of leakage of flammable or contaminating substances. The emission of toxic substances and fumes is minimised. The use of cast resin, combined with our latest manufacturing technique allows us to build a stronger compact transformer capable of withstanding severe rolling and vibration. Vacuum cast coil transformers are virtually maintenance free. They do not require any special civil works prior to installation and due to the particular design they can be repaired on site. ABB vacuum cast coil transformers are manufactured in accordance with the international quality standard ISO 9001. Vacuum cast coil transformers are moistureproof, suitable for operation in humid or heavily polluted environments. They are the ideal transformers for operation in environments with a humidity higher than 75% as well as at temperatures lower than -25°C.

-

Standard features - HV coils vacuum cast in epoxy resin. LV windings pre-impregnated - Casting process utilises high performance filled epoxy - Aluminium windings, copper optional - Step-lap mitered core - 155°C insulation system and 100°C average temperature rise - Four full capacity taps on HV winding rated ± 2 x 2.5%

Accessories - Three-phase electronic temperature monitor - Anti vibration pads - Optional ventilated enclosure with removable front and rear panels (IP20 to IP65) - Electrostatic screen - Forced cooling package with three-phase electronic temperature monitor - Air-filled terminal chambers - Special paint colours - Plug-in terminals (quick connectors)

Provisions for lifting core and coil assembly Rating plate Temperature control device Earthing terminals Base equipped with bidirectional rollers or designed for skidding

Options and accessories Design options: - 80°C average temperature rise (or other according to requirement) - Copper windings - Cast coil LV windings - Increased basic impulse levels - Dual primary-secondary voltage - Loss optimised designs - Retrofit designs - Other designs available on request

29 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

Standard tests - Transformation ratio at all taps and polarity - Applied voltage - Induced voltage - Partial discharge test - Resistance of all windings - Vector group - No-load loss and no-load current - Load losses and impedance voltage test Type tests - Temperature rise test - Lightning impulse test - Measurement of noise level - Insulation resistance Humid or heavily polluted environments - Use of epoxy resins – not hygroscopic - Conductor protected from corrosion - E2 class certified (tested for ambient 90% humidity and 50°C) - C2 class certified (operation down to -25°C) - Minimum dust accumulation

Fire hazards - Neither dioxins nor hydrohalogen compounds - Non toxic materials used - F1 class certified - Self-extinguishing - Light transmission factor of fumes >60% Electrical and mechanical design - Impulse test withstands voltage up to 200 kV - Mechanically stronger, safe against vibrations and earthquakes - Withstands thermal and dynamic short circuit effects Specifications - Self-Cooled Power Raiting: 50 kVA – 25 MVA - Primary Voltage: Withstands up to 36 kV - Primary Lightning impulse voltage: Withstands up to 170 kV - Secondary Voltage: Withstands up to 6 kV - Secondary Lightning impulse withstand voltage: Withstands up to 60 kV - Temperature Rise: 100/100°C

Partial discharge tests - Routine test for partial discharge - Below 5 pC

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers: AL/AL Windings. Cenelec losses Highest voltage for equipment

12 kV

AC 28 kV

LI 75 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

50

1400

1230

350

4

58

100

2000

1760

440

4

59

160

2700

2380

610

4

62

250

3500

3080

820

4

65

315

4300

3780

1100

4

66

400

4900

4310

1150

4

68

500

6400

5630

1350

6

69

630

7600

6690

1370

6

70

800

9000

8010

1800

6

71

1000

10000

8900

2000

6

73

1250

12500

11130

2500

6

74

1600

14000

12460

2800

6

76

2000

18000

16200

3600

6

78

2500

21000

18900

4300

6

81

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

30 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Energy for leisure Few applications place higher demands on transformers than those aboard large cruise liners. This is why the liners Disney Wonder and Disney Magic use Vacuum Cast Coil transformers from ABB.

ABB Power Technology Products

31 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers: AL/AL Windings. Cenelec losses Highest voltage for equipment

24 kV

AC 50 kV

LI 125 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

50

1500

1320

350

6

58

100

2100

1850

500

6

59

160

2900

2550

750

6

62

250

3800

3340

880

6

65

315

4600

4050

1150

6

66

400

5500

4840

1200

6

68

500

7000

6160

1500

6

69

630

7800

6860

1650

6

70

800

9400

8370

2100

6

71

1000

11000

9790

2300

6

73

1250

13500

12020

2900

6

74

1600

16000

14240

3100

6

76

2000

19500

17550

4200

6

78

2500

23000

20700

5000

6

81

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers: AL/AL Windings. Cenelec losses Highest voltage for equipment

36 kV

AC 70 kV

LI 175 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

160

2900

2550

960

6

66

250

4000

3520

1280

6

67

315

4800

4220

1500

6

68

400

5700

5020

1650

6

69

500

7100

6250

1950

6

70

630

8000

7040

2200

6

71

800

9700

8630

2800

6

72

1000

11500

10240

3100

7

73

1250

13800

12280

3700

7

74

1600

17000

15130

4200

8

76

2000

21000

18900

5000

8

78

2500

25000

22500

5800

8

81

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

32 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Good as gold With reliable and environmentally safe transformers from ABB, a windy location in Denmark can become a gold mine.

ABB Power Technology Products

33 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers: AL/AL Windings. Cenelec losses Highest voltage for equipment 12 kV IP00 Rated power

A

B

H

B1

B2

E

Ø

G

weight

kVA

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

kg

50

1020

800

1240

300

450

520

125

40

520

100

1100

800

1240

300

450

520

125

40

730

160

1270

800

1290

300

475

520

125

40

860

250

1280

850

1440

375

475

670

125

40

1230

315

1350

850

1480

375

495

670

125

40

1310

400

1440

850

1520

375

495

670

125

40

1660

500

1440

850

1630

375

525

670

125

40

1570

630

1550

900

1650

375

525

670

125

40

2060

800

1550

900

1880

375

575

670

125

40

2170

1000

1620

900

1900

375

575

670

125

40

2620

1250

1680

1000

2200

490

610

820

200

70

3100

1600

1840

1000

2250

490

610

820

200

70

4020

2000

1860

1000

2480

490

635

820

200

70

4630

2500

2050

1250

2500

615

635

1070

200

70

5500

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers: AL/AL Windings. Cenelec losses Highest voltage for equipment 24 kV IP00 Rated power

A

B

H

B1

B2

E

Ø

G

weight

kVA

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

kg

50

1020

800

1300

300

450

520

125

40

540

100

1100

800

1300

300

450

520

125

40

750

160

1270

850

1350

300

475

520

125

40

970

250

1480

850

1500

375

475

670

125

40

1320

315

1550

850

1550

375

495

670

125

40

1440

400

1620

900

1560

375

495

670

125

40

1760

500

1620

900

1700

375

525

670

125

40

1800

630

1670

900

1730

375

525

670

125

40

2260

800

1680

900

1950

375

575

670

125

40

2450

1000

1770

900

1980

375

575

670

125

40

2910

1250

1800

1000

2270

490

610

820

200

70

3380

1600

1920

1000

2320

490

610

820

200

70

4240

2000

2000

1000

2550

490

635

820

200

70

4900

2500

2150

1250

2580

615

635

1070

200

70

5900

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

34 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers: AL/AL Windings. Cenelec losses Highest voltage for equipment 36 kV IP00 Rated power

A

B

H

B1

B2

E

Ø

G

weight

kVA

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

kg

160

1450

925

1450

300

625

520

125

40

1150

250

1550

1000

1600

375

625

670

125

40

1420

315

1600

1000

1650

375

625

670

125

40

1650

400

1800

1000

1700

375

625

670

125

40

2100

500

1800

1000

1800

375

675

670

125

40

2120

630

1850

1000

1850

375

675

670

125

40

2550

800

1920

1000

2050

375

725

670

125

40

3020

1000

1950

1050

2100

375

725

670

125

40

3250

1250

2000

1100

2400

490

760

820

200

70

3680

1600

2100

1150

2450

490

760

820

200

70

4480

2000

2200

1150

2600

490

785

820

200

70

5200

2500

2350

1300

2650

615

785

1070

200

70

6200

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

ABB Power Technology Products

35 - Vacuum Cast Coil Transformers

RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformers

(≤ 30 MVA )

Construction features Description The ABB resin-encapsulated dry-type transformer, RESIBLOC®, offers specific advantages. For more than a quarter of a century we have been using only epoxy resin and fibre-glass to encapsulate the wire layers. Epoxy resin moulding reinforced with fibre-glass rovings is a material of outstanding strength. Furthermore we manufacture RESIBLOC® transformers without the addition of extenders or plasticizers. Electronically controlled winding processes ensure uniform distribution of the glass rovings and precise tracking. The Low Voltage and High Voltage windings are joined adhesively by way of bars to form a compact block winding. The favourable impulse voltage distribution – resulting from the costly multilayering of the High Voltage winding – in conjunction with the outstanding strength of the coil makes RESIBLOC® resinencapsulated transformers short-circuit proof. The fibre-glass reinforcement of the resinencapsulated RESIBLOC® windings is so robust that we have no hesitation in guaranteeing the crack resistance of the High Voltage coil for the entire life of the transformer. We also guarantee that no silicone is used at any time in RESIBLOC® coil manufacture. This is a further key point for those operators who demand absolutely silicone free manufacture from their transformer suppliers. Standard features - Ratings: from 30 kVA to 30 MVA - Primary Voltages: up to 41.5 kV - Secondary Voltages: up to 36 kV - BIL: According to standards - HV Winding: Copper - LV Winding: Aluminum - Step-lap mitred core - Tapping 2 x 2.5% - Temperature device - Fire class F1 - Environmental class E2 - Climatic class C2

- Built-in cooling channels to dissipate heat - Environmentally friendly - Linear distribution of lightning impulse voltage - Base equipped with bi-directional rollers or designed for skidding arrangement Options and accessories - Dimensions adaptable to specific requirements - Loss optimised design - Special designs as traction, rectifier and converter transformer, multiwinding transformers - Enclosure IP20 to IP65, indoor and outdoor, galvanized without painting - Fans for forced cooling (up to 140% of AN rating), including control - Anti-vibration pads, (1 set=4 pieces) - Earthing bolts (1 set=3 pieces) - PTC sensors, with relay - Dial type thermometer (with capillary tube 2 m) - Thermo-resistor PT100 - Copper for LV windings - Reduced temperature rise on request

36 - RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Certified test results - Safe to store and transport at -60°C (stan dard test requirement only -25°C) - Tested with twice rated current at -40°C (standard test requirement only -25°C) - Vibration tested for installation in seismic areas. Acceleration tested to 12.5 g - All components tested for non-toxicity - Repeated thermal shock with hot air 120°C and cold air -10°C (over 10 times) Fire proof - Approx. 80% fibreglass in winding insulation - Only non-toxic materials - Max 5% calorific energy of comparable oil type unit - No halogens, nor sulphur (fluorine/chlorine/bromine) - Every unit guaranteed to be self-extinguishing. Fire class 1 certified Short circuit proof - High mechanical stability of coil structure - Diagonally and radially fibreglass braced (HV-winding) - Turns glued to each other with prepreg (LV winding) - HV and LV windings form a singular coil - Coil structure will withstand radial forces in short circuit conditions

ABB Power Technology Products

Moisture and pollution proof - 100% humidity and condensation proof - Strong presence in off-shore applications - High resistance to chemical pollution - Long-term molecular stability due to absence of flexibilisers Crack proof - Severe thermo-shock tested - Severe hot/cold dip tests - Physical and mechanical properties of coil components optimised - High resistance to extremely low ambient temperatures - Performance stability under extreme load conditions - Not a single crack registered to date Minimal dust accumulation - Vertical cooling channels with chimney effect - Minimum dust settles - No horizontal ducts - Small upper coil surface - Surface structure non-adhesive to dust

37 - RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformers

RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformer Standard transformers

12 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

100

2000

1700

440

4

59

160

2700

2300

610

4

62

250

3500

3000

820

4

65

315

4200

3650

950

4

67

400

4900

4300

1150

4

68

500

6300

5500

1300

4

69

630

7300

6400

1500

4

70

250

3900

3400

690

6

65

315

4700

4100

820

6

67

400

5730

5000

1000

6

68

500

6530

5700

1200

6

69

630

7600

6600

1370

6

70

800

8820

7700

1700

6

72

1000

10000

8800

2000

6

73

1250

12000

10500

2400

6

75

1600

14000

12700

2800

6

76

2000

18000

15500

3500

6

78

2500

21000

19000

4300

6

81

RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformer Standard transformers

24 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

100

1750

1550

600

4

59

160

2500

2150

870

4

67

250

3450

3000

1100

4

65

400

4900

4250

1450

4

68

630

6900

6000

2000

4

70

100

2050

1750

460

6

59

160

2900

2500

650

6

62

250

3800

3300

880

6

65

315

4580

4000

1050

6

67

400

5500

4800

1200

6

68

500

6870

6000

1400

6

69

630

7800

6900

1650

6

70

800

9280

8100

1900

6

72

1000

11000

9600

2300

6

73

1250

13100

11500

2700

6

75

1500

16000

14000

3100

6

76

2000

19100

19000

4000

6

78

2500

23000

20000

5000

6

81

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

38 - RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformer Reduced no-load loss transforming

12 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

100

2000

1700

320

4

51

160

2700

2300

440

4

54

250

3500

3000

600

4

57

315

4200

3650

730

4

59

400

4900

4300

880

4

60

500

6300

5500

1000

4

61

630

7300

6400

1150

4

62

250

3900

3400

540

6

57

315

4700

4100

640

6

59

400

5730

5000

780

6

60

500

6530

5700

940

6

61

630

7600

6600

1100

6

62

800

8820

7700

1330

6

64

1000

10000

8800

1500

6

65

1250

12000

10500

1880

6

67

1600

14000

12700

2100

6

68

2000

18000

15500

2750

6

70

2500

21000

19000

3000

6

71

RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformer Reduced no-load loss transforming

24 kV

Rated power

Load loss at 120 ºC

Load loss at 75ºC

No-load loss at 100% Ur

Short-circuit impedance

Sound power level

kVA

W

W

W

%

dB

100

1750

1550

400

4

51

160

2500

2150

580

4

54

250

3450

3000

800

4

57

400

4900

4250

1100

4

60

630

6900

6000

1600

4

62

100

2050

1750

340

6

51

160

2900

2500

480

6

54

250

3800

3300

650

6

65

315

4580

4000

820

6

59

400

5500

4800

940

6

60

500

6870

6000

1100

6

61

630

7800

6900

1250

6

62

800

9280

8100

1460

6

64

1000

11000

9600

1800

6

65

1250

13100

11500

2080

6

67

1600

16000

14000

2400

6

68

2000

19100

16700

3100

6

70

2500

23000

20000

3600

6

71

AC: Power frequency withstand voltage LI: Lightning impulse withstand voltage. Please note that this table only shows a small sample of all productdesigns and ratings we supply.

ABB Power Technology Products

39 - RESIBLOC® Resin-encapsulated Transformers

Offshore of course About 200 RESIBLOC® transformers are installed on offshore platforms, ensuring that there is a continuous flow of gas and oil. Among our supplies in 1999 was another 15 MVA unit for Statoil’s Veslefrik field.

Special Application Transformers Customers demand a wide range of excellent products. These should be manufactured competitively. Customers also expect accurate information and expert advice. ABB supplies a complete range of distribution transformers from single phase, oil-filled or dry, pole-mounted units through all standard units to meet all power requirements. But sometimes situations arise in which even the widest range of transformers currently available cannot meet the customer´s needs. In those cases we design and build customised transformers to fulfil the customer´s requirements in every respect. Due to our long experience, our deep and wide engineering skills and our close co-operation with our customers we can find a practical solution to every problem. So it is little wonder that ABB has the most advanced transformers in operation around the world – from the very smallest to the largest and most sophisticated custom built units.

Transformers for Special Applications Product Pad Mounted Transformers Transformers for Variable Speed Drives Reactors Boosterformers™

42 - Special Application Transformers

ABB Power Technology Products

Pad Mounted Transformers

Construction features Description ABB padmounted transformers feature a tamper resistant construction with no externally accessible bolts, hinges, screws or fasteners, thus providing a safe, self-contained unit which cannot be accessed by unauthorised personnel. Unsightly fences or other forms of protective devices are not necessary. Completely factory assembled, the units are shipped in one piece. These units feature a rectangular core and coil design which is a distinguishing characteristic of ABB’s oil type transformers. This proven design offers reliability, durability and reduced dimensions. Nearly 40 years of service and scrupulous testing confirm the consistency of the design. Standard features 1. Tamper resistant 2. Copper or aluminium windings 3. Special core and coil design 4. 65°C average temperature rise 5. Tap changer for deactivated operation 6. Four full capacity taps on winding rated 2.5% 2-FCAN - 2-FCBN on units with voltage above 601 V 7. Liquid preservation system with sealed tank 8. Tank rated 5 psig for oil-filled units 9. Tank rated 8 psig for silicone filled units 10. Lifting lugs for moving complete units 11. Pressure relief valve 12. Two copper-faced steel ground pads on tank 13. Weather-resistant cabinet bolted to the front of the transformer 14. HV/LV compartment barrier bolted in place 15. Three-point terminal compartment laching 16. HV compartment located on left side of unit: a) Live front-cast resin bushings, or universal bushing wells for dead front b) Provision for distribution-class LAs c) Space for stress cones d) Interlocked door which can be opened only after opening LV compartment door 17. LV compartment located on right side: a) Compartment door with provision for pad-lock

ABB Power Technology Products

b) Ground pad c) Provision for dial-type thermometer d) Provision for vacuum-pressure gauge e) Pressure relief valve f) Liquid level gauge g) Diagrammatic stainless steel rating plate 18. Different paint finishes available 19. Base designed for rolling the unit in accordance with ANSI-IEC-DIN segment centre lines Options and accessories - Copper windings - 55°C average winding temperature rise - Dead front primary entrance - Basic impulse level adjustable on request - Dial-type thermometer - Liquid level valve - Pressure vacuum gauge - Radiator valves - Sudden Pressure surge relay - CTs and PTs - Special ambient conditions - Special altitudes - Non-standard HV taps - Special impedance - Special noise levels - Electrostatic shields - Special paint finishes

43 - Pad Mounted Transformers

Transformers for Variable Speed Drives

● Input

transformers for supply of drive systems

6-, 12- or 24-pulse supply for different converters, e.g. - load commutated inverters - PWM inverters - six step inverters - cycloconverters (see opposite) - cascade drives - diode and thyristor rectifiers ● Output

transformers

Transformers for voltage step-up from converter to motor (see opposite). ●

Introduction With the increasing use and complexity of variable speed drives for different applications, selecting the correct converter transformer has become of vital importance. Choosing the correct converter transformers for different converters and drive systems means reduced downtime, extended equipment life, reduced harmonic distortion and last, but not least, energy saving. ABB offers you a wide range of converter transformers. The transformers have been developed in close co-operation with converter manufacturers and with the aim of achieving the highest possible reliability and efficiency. ABB offers converter transformers for your every need:

Transformers for converter starting applications

Transformers are manufactured as oil-filled, either mineral, silicone or MIDEL fluid, or as dry type transformers. They can be manufactured with an output of up to approx. 30 MVA (primary power). A symmetrical impedance and the capacity to withstand short circuiting are essential. Input transformers Why add an input transformer? Voltage adaptation Converter drives are normally fed by medium voltage networks from 6 kV up to 36 kV. The converter supply voltage usually ranges from 400 V up to 4 kV. The input transformer adapts the medium network voltage to the converter supply voltage. Galvanic isolation The input transformer isolates the converter from the feeding network and reduces short circuit currents to the converter. EMC A specifically designed shield between transformer windings reduces transferred radio interference from the drive to the network. The earthed shield also protects the drive from transient over-voltages coming from the feeding network.

44 - Transformers for Variable Speed Drives

ABB Power Technology Products

Harmonics reduction Network regulations require reduction of harmonic distortion. The transformer impedance acts as a commutating reactor and thus reduces harmonics. Different transformer connections are used to achieve multi-pulse systems with substantial harmonic reduction. Transformers for cycloconverter supply Cycloconverters are used for high power, low speed synchronous motor drives such as: - Rolling mill drives - Ship propulsion (see below) - Mine hoist drives - Wind tunnel drives etc. The main parts of a cycloconverter drive are supply transformers, the cycloconverter, high speed circuit breakers and the synchronous motor. The following types of transformers are used: - 2 winding transformers - 3 winding transformers - 4 winding transformers Output transformers for converters Converters are available for only a limited range of standard motor voltages, the highest being 4 kV. A specially designed transformer can be used to transform the converter output voltage to match any motor rated voltage. Normally the voltage is raised from the Low Voltage converter to feed an HV motor. (Thus the name “converter step-up transformer”, which is also commonly used.) A standard transformer cannot be used due to variation in frequency, the harmonic distortion and the DC component existing during transients in the output voltage of the frequency converter. A special step-up transformer has therefore been developed for this application in co-operation with converter manufacturers. Typical applications Most typical applications are for submersible oil pump drives, rolling mill drives and similar equipment where only HV motor applications are available. Output transformers can also be applied to reduce the voltage at the end of a long transmission system to be more appropriate for a motor. The output step down transformers in the latest applications are submersible i.e. they are placed on the seabed close to the motor.

ABB Power Technology Products

Typical applications for output transformers are when: - The motor does not have a standard voltage converter (retrofit or by-pass application required) - Distance from the converter to the drive is long and a high voltage motor is used to reduce cabling costs, or where low voltage cabling would not be feasible due to losses and voltage drop - Cost of a high voltage converter is too high compared with a low voltage converter and an output transformer (low end rating of the converters) - Tappings are required to match the drive to different motor voltages or different cable lengths Output transformers are produced in oil type and dry type configurations up to 6 MVA ratings for various types of converter and output voltages up to 15 kV. Transformers are individually designed and manufactured according to system requirements. Ship propulsion systems Electric propulsion for marine applications was initially used on holiday cruises for reasons of comfort (i.e. lower vibrations compared to mechanical propulsion). Nowadays it is also applied to cargo ships, icebreakers, ferryboats etc. due to the installation and manoeuvring flexibility of motor groups and for space rationalisation as well as for the improvement in the system’s global performance. These transformers adapt the generated voltage to the voltage of the static converters which control the motors. They are designed to particular specifications to meet specific space problems (e.g. height limitations) and the presence of high harmonic currents as well as mechanical vibrations coming from the ship’s structure.

45 - Transformers for Variable Speed Drives

Converter transformer.

Converter transformer.

Converter transformer.

Converter transformer, 19400 kVA, three-windings supply of LCI-drives.

13.2 MVA, 4-windings, water cooled RESIBLOC® transformer for shippropulsion.

Converter transformer.

Ship propulsion transformer 6.6 kVA – 6.6-2.1 kVA-AFWF.

46 - Transformers for Variable Speed Drives

Converter transformer.

ABB Power Technology Products

Reactors

Duplex reactor for ship-propulsion.

Construction features Introduction Sıngle-phase and/or three-phase reactors are characterised by a wide range of solutions found in several High Voltage and/or Medium Voltage installations for both oil-type and dry purposes. Reactors for cycloconverter drives Zero sequence reactors Zero sequence reactors are used to limit zero sequence current on motors with galvanically separated windings. The reactors are individually designed and manufactured according to system requirements. Therefore no standard types are listed. Commutation reactors Direct cycloconverters without supply transformers (e.g. propulsion and other drives where space and weight limitations are important) are usually fitted with commutation reactors. The reactors reduce the commutation currents and notches in the system voltage. The commutation reactors are normally dry-type but can also be manufactured as oil immersed. Two basic designs are used: 1. Saturable gapped core reactors - no short circuit current limitation is needed 2. Non-saturable type reactors - the reactor also works as a short circuit limiting reactor

ABB Power Technology Products

The commutation reactors are individually designed and manufactured according to system requirements. Duplex reactors Duplex reactors are special commutation reactors used in propulsion drives to achieve distortion free voltage in the auxiliary circuits. The most efficient harmonic reduction is achieved when the duplex reactors are connected to the generators, one to each generator. In this way the effect on harmonics does not depend on the operation. The duplex reactors are individually designed and manufactured according to system requirements. Single-phase and/or three-phase reactors are characterised by a wide range of solutions found in several high voltage and medium voltage installations for both oil and dry purposes. Fields of application - Cycloconverter drives - Shunts - Current-limiting - Neutral-earthing current-limiting - Damping - Tuning (filter) - Earthing-transformer (neutral coupler) arc-suppression - Smoothing

47 - Reactors

Submarine converter transformer to be used to supply power and oil pumps. Can be placed at a depth of 2000 meters below the sea level.

Earthing transformer for limitation of short-circuit current to earthfault. 24 MVA/10 s – Single Phase – 76 kV/ 8 kV-60 H2. Extremely robust design (both electrical and mechanical).

Reactor for reduction of harmonic currents and trancient over – currents in DC Systems. Highly line are magnetic characteristics and withstand of over-voltages caused by lighting and switching.

Coreless, air-insulated, smoothing reactor to comply with transformer in railway applications.

48 - Reactors

ABB Power Technology Products

Boosterformers™

Cable Boosterformer™ for electric railway system.

ABB Power Technology Products

49 - Boosterformers™

Production: Cross Advertising, Sweden, January 2001 Printing: Tryckproduktion, Sweden Pictures: ABB, Ron Stroud, Wilhelm Schmidt/Pressens Bild, Bud Freund, Jean Louis Batt, Michael D. Bryan/Stock International Magazine Service, Jörgen Ulvsgärd, National Geographic, Greatshots

© 2000 All Rights Reserved.

Cross Advertising.

Business Area Distribution Transformers P.O. Box 8131 CH - 8050 Zürich Switzerland Tel: +41 1 317 7111 www.abb.com

Loading...

Distribution Transformers

Distribution Transformers The most comprehensive range of solutions for distribution transformer applications Data included in this catalogue are su...

935KB Sizes 0 Downloads 0 Views

Recommend Documents

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
ABB Power T&D Company Inc.) FIGURE 15.6 Submersible distribution transformer strapped to a pallet for shipment. Cables a

cast resin distribution transformers 2016 edition - TF – Transformers
4900 19700 6.5. 66. 82. 5950. D. 10070 29000 6.5. 69. 85. 6400. C. 10070 25300 6.5. 69. 85. 6400. B. 9080 25300 6.5. 68.

Instructions for Oil-Immersed Distribution Transformers
1.0 INTRODUCTION. The three phase padmounted distri bution tra n s fo rmer is ... These instructions are written for suc

design improvements of distribution transformers - DiVA
Dec 22, 2014 - qualitative products e.g. distribution transformers of ABB Vietnam get ...... transformer is according to

Transformers: Prime - The Game - Transformers Wiki
Transformers: Prime - The Game is a video game developed by Altron and NOW Production for the Wii, Wii U, Nintendo DS, a

Current Transformers
Feb 20, 2013 - When the circuit burden gets too large, the CT secondary voltage becomes distorted. This is because the C

- Capacitive Voltage Transformers - Instrument Transformers - Trench
Capacitor Voltage Transformers (CVT), are used for voltage metering and protection in high voltage network systems. ...

Transformers Protection Schemes
300 MVA 3 Winding Power Transformer Protection Scheme. • Main (A&B) Protection: 1. Differential Protection. 2. Restric

Magnetic Circuits Transformers - AbeBooks
We found this book important for the readers who want to know about our old treasure so we brought it back in ebook (pdf

Basics of Power Transformers
Power transformer is a complex assem- .... [7] Handbook for Transformers, 3rd edition,. ABB, 2010 ... 1200 kV and defini